A Checklist to Native Amphibians, Reptiles, and Turtles in Kansas


Amphibians - Class Amphibia

Salamanders - Order Caudata

Family Ambystomatidae - Mole Salamanders

Barred Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma mavortium)
Smallmouth Salamander (Ambystoma texanum)
Eastern Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum)

Family Plethodontidae - Woodland Salamanders

Longtail Salamander (Eurycea longicauda)
Cave Salamander (Eurycea lucifuga)
Grotto Salamander (Eurycea spelaea)

Family Proteidae - Mudpuppies

Red River Mudpuppy (Necturus louisianensis)
Common Mudpuppy (Necturus maculosus)

Family Salamandridae - Newts

Eastern Newt (Notophthalmus viridescens)

Frogs & Toads - Order Anura

Family Bufonidae - True Toads

American Toad (Anaxyrus americanus)
Great Plains Toad (Anaxyrus cognatus)
Green Toad (Anaxyrus debilis)
Fowler's Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri)
Red-spotted Toad (Anaxyrus punctatus)
Woodhouse's Toad (Anaxyrus woodhousii)

Family Hylidae - Treefrogs & Allies

Blanchard's Cricket Frog (Acris blanchardi)
Cope's Gray Treefrog (Hyla chrysoscelis)
Eastern Gray Treefrog (Hyla versicolor)
Spotted Chorus Frog (Pseudacris clarkii)
Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer)
Boreal Chorus Frog (Pseudacris maculata)
Strecker's Chorus Frog (Pseudacris streckeri)

Family Microhylidae - Narrowmouth Toads

Eastern Narrowmouth Toad (Gastrophryne carolinensis)
Great Plains Narrowmouth Toad (Gastrophryne olivacea)

Family Ranidae - True Frogs

Crawfish Frog (Lithobates areolatus)
Plains Leopard Frog (Lithobates blairi)
Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus)
Bronze Frog (Lithobates clamitans)
Pickerel Frog (Lithobates palustris)
Southern Leopard Frog (Lithobates sphenocephalus)

Family Scaphiopodidae - North American Spadefoots

Plains Spadefoot (Spea bombifrons)


Reptiles - Class Reptilia

Lizards & Snakes - Order Squamata

Family Anguidae - Glass Lizards

Western Slender Glass Lizard (Ophisaurus attenuatus)

Family Crotaphytidae - Collared & Leopard Lizards

Eastern Collared Lizard (Crotaphytus collaris)

Family Phrynosomatidae - Spiny Lizards

Lesser Earless Lizard (Holbrookia maculata)
Texas Horned Lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum)
Prairie Lizard (Sceloporus consobrinus)

Family Scincidae - Skinks

Coal Skink (Plestiodon anthracinus)
Five-lined Skink (Plestiodon fasciatus)
Broadhead Skink (Plestiodon laticeps)
Great Plains Skink (Plestiodon obsoletus)
Southern Prairie Skink (Plestiodon obtusirostris)
Northern Prairie Skink (Plestiodon septentrionalis)
Ground Skink (Scincella lateralis)

Family Teiidae - Racerunners and Whiptails

Six-lined Racerunner (Aspidoscelis sexlineata)

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Family Leptotyphlopidae - Slender Blind Snakes

New Mexico Blind Snake (Rena dissecta)

Family Colubridae - Harmless Egg-laying Snakes

Eastern Glossy Snake (Arizona elegans)
Eastern Racer (Coluber constrictor)
Prairie Kingsnake (Lampropeltis calligaster)
Speckled Kingsnake (Lampropeltis holbrooki)
Milk Snake (Lampropeltis triangulum)
Smooth Green Snake (Liochlorophis vernalis)
Coachwhip (Masticophis flagellum)
Rough Green Snake (Opheodrys aestivus)
Great Plains Rat Snake (Pantherophis emoryi)
Gopher Snake (Pituophis catenifer)
Longnose Snake (Rhinocheilus lecontei)
Western Rat Snake (Scotophis obsoletus)
Ground Snake (Sonora semiannulata)
Flathead Snake (Tantilla gracilis)
Plains Blackhead Snake (Tantilla nigriceps)

Family Dipsadidae - Rear-fanged Snakes

Western Worm Snake (Carphophis vermis)
Ringneck Snake (Diadophis punctatus)
Western Hognose Snake (Heterodon nasicus)
Eastern Hognose Snake (Heterodon platirhinos)
Chihuahuan Night Snake (Hypsiglena jani)

Family Natricidae - Harmless Live-bearing Snakes

Plainbelly Water Snake (Nerodia erythrogaster)
Diamondback Water Snake (Nerodia rhombifer)
Northern Water Snake (Nerodia sipedon)
Graham's Crayfish Snake (Regina grahamii)
Brown Snake (Storeria dekayi)
Redbelly Snake (Storeria occipitomaculata)
Checkered Garter Snake (Thamnophis marcianus)
Western Ribbon Snake (Thamnophis proximus)
Plains Garter Snake (Thamnophis radix)
Common Garter Snake (Thamnophis sirtalis)
Lined Snake (Tropidoclonion lineatum)
Rough Earth Snake (Virginia striatula)
Smooth Earth Snake (Virginia valeriae)

Family Crotalidae - Pitvipers

Copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix)
Cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus)
Timber Rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus)
Prairie Rattlesnake (Crotalus viridis)
Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus)


Turtles - Class Chelonia

Straightneck Turtles - Order Cryptodira

Family Chelydridae - Snapping Turtles

Common Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina)
Alligator Snapping Turtle (Macrochelys temminckii)

Family Emydidae - Box & Water Turtles

Northern Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta)
Common Map Turtle (Graptemys geographica)
False Map Turtle complex (Graptemys pseudogeographica)
Eastern River Cooter (Pseudemys concinna)
Eastern Box Turtle (Terrapene carolina)
Ornate Box Turtle (Terrapene ornata)
Slider (Trachemys scripta)

Family Kinosternidae - Mud & Musk Turtles

Yellow Mud Turtle (Kinosternon flavescens)
Common Musk Turtle (Sternotherus odoratus)

Family Trionychidae - Softshells

Smooth Softshell (Apalone mutica)
Spiny Softshell (Apalone spinifera)


Source References

Collins, Joseph T., Suzanne L. Collins & Travis W. Taggart
2010. Amphibians, Reptiles, and Turtles in Kansas. First Edition.
Eagle Mountain Publishing, Utah. xvi + 312 pp.

Collins, Joseph T. & Travis W. Taggart
2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for
North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians. Sixth Edition.
Publication of The Center for North American Herpetology, Lawrence. iv + 44 pp.

Conant, Roger & Joseph T. Collins
1998. Peterson Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America. Third Edition expanded.
Peterson Field Guide Number 12. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 616 pp.

Potts, George D. & Joseph T. Collins
2005. A Checklist of the Vertebrate Animals of Kansas. Third Edition.
Publication of the Sternberg Museum of Natural History, Fort Hays State University, Hays, Kansas. vi + 50 pp.